Bowel cancer is the third most common type of cancer in the UK. Around 42,000 people are diagnosed with it, and around 16,000 people die from the disease. Bowel cancer can affect any part of the bowel, from the small intestine to the rectum. Treatment options for bowel cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.
Bowel cancer is usually diagnosed through a combination of a physical examination, blood tests, imaging tests, and a biopsy. Once it has been diagnosed, the stage of the disease will be determined. This is important in deciding which treatment option is best for you.
The most common type of surgery for bowel cancer is a colectomy. This surgery removes the cancerous bowel section. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also be used as adjuvant therapy after surgery to help reduce the risk of cancer coming back.
There are a number of different chemotherapy drugs available for bowel cancer treatment, each with its side effects.
Radiotherapy uses high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells. It can be used as a primary treatment for bowel cancer or in conjunction with chemotherapy.
Bowel cancer is a severe disease that can be difficult to treat. It is important to know the facts about bowel cancer treatment to make the best decisions for your health.